There are many different areas of photography based on its subjects. Here are a few of the different types of photography:
Nature photography captures pictures of the blessedness and beauty of nature. It encompasses landscape photography that exhibits the beauty of a place and its forms such as deserts, mountains and even waterfalls. Also it involves wildlife photography that takes pictures of animals and their habitats. This type of photography would require adaptivity to nature and knowledge of animals. This can be dangerous if you don't know how to react or treat animals and go about in the wilderness of the forest and mountains.
Underwater photography may be a separate type but it is still related to nature photography. It focuses on the attractiveness and splendour of the marine life and the marvels of the underwater. Interesting underwater subjects are fishes, corals as well as other frightening creatures such as sharks.
It is a type that showcases pictures about of places, beautiful sights and even people. It captures the culture of a place and its customs and traditions. This is mostly seen in brochures and its ultimate goal is to promote the location to tourists.
It takes pictures of activities that involve action such as sports, adventure activities and daring feats. It is important in this type of photography that the photographer can anticipate when is it best to take pictures, must be willing to venture on this risk-taking pursuit and should be quick at reacting for taking pictures.
This type of photography is about taking pictures that would be part of history. It captures a relevant period of time and its political or social status and events. This can also include photojournalism, where journalists are not allowed to make any adjustments to the pictures so as not to alter the real image of an event or scene and thus presenting nothing but facts.
Fashion photography deals with taking pictures of models while putting emphasis on clothing and accessories. It can also be linked into celebrity photography because celebrities are the optimum fashion setters.
Glamour photography is concerned in turning the model or subject into it's most appealing and glamorous appearance. It can also be connected with portrait photography whose goal is to capture the ultimate image and personality of the subject.
A type where the subjects are spontaneous and sometimes unaware.