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Underwater Photography - Underwater Photography Equipment is More Advanced Than it Has Ever Been

Underwater photography just begins when you go below the surface. Afterwards, find out how to enhance, refine and improve those images by editing them in Adobe Photoshop. Underwater photography and ocean photography of sea life at its best. The best example is Karen Christopher photographer as she has an excellent way of taking underwater ocean pictures that truly show what undersea life is about. Underwater photography is usually done with wide angle lenses, or that setting on a zoom lens. Please note that these shots are "as taken" and I have not used any software to alter the colors.

Underwater photography equipment is more advanced than it has ever been. Even so, taking excellent underwater photos relies on technique as much as on equipment. Underwater photography is the challenge which many of them took up. How successful they have been was revealed in the brilliant display of underwater photographs exhibited at the first International Festival of Underwater Films, held in Brighton in 1965. Underwater photography isn't for everyone. However, lots of people really enjoy it as a hobby, artform or profession.

Underwater photography is as the name implies photos that are taken under water. This is pretty interesting since early cameras could not function if wet. Underwater photography and videography - in addition to their potentially valuable utilitarian function as research tools - can add a dimension to diving that greatly enhances the experience. For example, underwater photo video types can be drawn to details that can utterly change the character of a dive, and perhaps make even the most humble dive rank right up there with the 'big dives' that we all see lauded in dive magazines.

Dive season in Malaysia no longer ends in September like it used to years ago. Now you can dive all the way till November even. Divers Direct offers a wide range of under water camera options, including Film cameras, new UW digital camera models, underwater Video cameras, underwater camera case, and top of the line camera housing for your existing rig. Whether you are just getting started in Underwater Photography, or are an advanced photographer you'll find everything you need right here.

Underwater photography presents a number of unique problems. Amongst these is the magnifying nature of water. Underwater photography is for some enthusiasts merely a means of recording marine life encountered, but for others it can become a passion, and diving only the means of transport to the underwater studio. Whichever level is aspired to, underwater photography can appear to be a daunting challenge; but with a logical approach to equipment and techniques respectable results can be achieved very quickly. Underwater photography can allow you to capture memories like these and preserve them so others can see them.

Conceptual Stock Photography - Best Selling Concepts

Conceptual stock photography has become increasingly popular. Many digital camera enthusiasts have found they are able to make extra money or even launch a career selling conceptual stock photography.

What is Concept photography?

Conceptual stock photography takes its cue from conceptual art. The goal behind concept photography is to elicit an emotion form the person or persons who view the photograph. The person may feel as though they are actually part of the photograph rather than an impartial observer. Whether they laugh or cry, emotion is evoked from the photograph.

In some cases, concept photography can also invoke memories that have been buried for some time. Concept photography can vary from an object to a person or even a group of persons. Overall; however, the goal behind concept photography is to focus less on the actual object or subject of the photograph and instead focus on the emotions the photograph is meant to arouse.

Why do People Want to Buy Conceptual Photography?

In the last few years conceptual stock photography has become quite lucrative. The reasons why people purchase conceptual stock photography can vary widely. Concept photography is frequently used in marketing in order to advertise products. A single concept photograph can be used in a variety of applications, depending on the marketing message that is placed behind it. Concept photography can also be used in desktop publishing projects as well, including greeting cards, etc.

What are the best Selling Concepts?

Due to the fact that many conceptual stock photographs are used for the purpose of marketing, one of the best selling concepts related to business. Business groups and teams tend to do quite well. In addition, conceptual photos of a large group of people also tend to sell quite well. The idea behind the group can vary from a group of children to a business team or even a scene depicting a party or celebration also tends to sell very well.

One of the reasons this type of concept photography tends to sell well is the fact that it is difficult to gather a large group of people together and get that perfect shot without someone having their eyes closed. If you can manage that, there is a good chance you have a concept photograph that will sell well.

Of course, emotional concept photographs can also sell well. Romance and love are two themes that always tend to do well, especially around Valentine's Day and as wedding season begins to arrive.

Tips for Taking Concept Photography

One of the critical elements to taking concept photography is to make sure that you keep your eyes open for opportunities. You will also need to think out of the box and exercise more imagination that is commonly necessary with any other genre of photography. For example, you need to focus on the aspects that are unusual about the everyday in order to come up with a concept photograph that works.

Another technique is to associate words with the images you see. Do this first mentally before you actually shoot the photo. This will help to clarify the concept behind the photo. If you know going into the photo what you are planning to shoot it becomes much easier to define the concept rather than trying to do it after the fact.

Finally, do not be afraid to experiment with different angles and focal points with concept photography. Some of the best concept photographs are popular because of the different way in which they were taken. For example, close-ups of hands and even inanimate objects can be particularly beneficial when shooting conceptual stock photography.

What Kind of Photography Do You Want?

Persons capture images for a lot of motives, assorting from over-romantic incentives to extremely convenient anxieties. Capturing images may possibly be an artistic structure, a family unit pastime otherwise a past obligation. Likewise, staring at images keeps us in contact with the past times, continues us educated of happenings moreover permits us to value creativity.

Photography is an impressive ability outline that comprises more than simply portrayal, scenery or glamour taking pictures. Mutually specialized and unprofessional photographers might support precise varieties of photography more than others. Although an expert photographer may possibly toil in photojournalism, an unskilled might be mainly fascinated in large-photography.

Capturing images can be as effortless as positioning the photographic camera, clicking and desiring impressive turns out. A lot of inhabitants capture images in this way Nonetheless, this technique might be incompatible: at times it works and occasionally it doesn't.

So, which kind of photography do you want? Here is a comprehensive list of the kinds of photography:

Representation Photography-Documental photographs inform tales with pictures. The major dissimilarity among photojournalism and representation photography is that representation photography is destined to provide as a past representation of a political or sociable period whereas photojournalism represents a specific prospect or occurrence.

Photojournalism-Even though unskilled might terminated into this branch of knowledge lacking of proper preparation, photojournalism is frequently restricted to proficient. One cause photojournalism is frequently accomplished by experts is that sober photojournalists have to be sure that their shots uphold the reliability of the unique view.

Photojournalism entails the photographer to capture simply the essentials: no modification or exaggeration of the image is allowed. Photojournalism images are frequently influential pictures that prosecute the observer with the information subject matter. Cognizing how to obtain specified shots to interpret the unique sensation is frequently discovered simply throughout the years of performance and understanding.

Macro Photography-Macro-photography distinguished the subject field of photography in which images are captured at close up scope. When limited to lens men with improved and luxurious apparatus, macro-photography is currently uncomplicated for unskilled to put into practice through digital cameras by means of macro environment. Macro-photography subject matters might comprise arthropods, plants life, as well as the surface of a woven jersey otherwise some content where close-up taking photos exposes appealing informations.

Action Photography-Though experts who capture moving shots might concentrate in a diversity of various subject matters, games photography is one of the quickest and most arousing styles of taking photos. Just like several action shot, an excellent games lens man has to be acquainted with his or her subject matter fine adequate to expect when to capture images. Very similar regulation goes for photographers captivating moving shots of fauna organisms in natural world or of an airplane departure.

Micro Photography-Microphotography makes use of dedicated cameras and magnifiers to captivate pictures of enormously tiny objects. The majority of utilization of microphotography is better suitable for the systematic human kind. For instance, microphotography is exercised in subject areas as varied as natural philosophy, environmental science and medical science.

Marketing Photography-It's because photography performs a very important role in marketing, a lot of expert photographers dedicate their professions to marketing photography. The require for sole and noticeable marketing reproduction means the photographer might toil with numerous forms of taking pictures, as well as macro-photography and beauty photography.

Beauty Photography-Beauty photography, sometimes misidentified with pornography, might be horny and titillating except it is not pornographic. Alternatively of centering on nakedness or violent postures, glamour photography seeks out to seize its subject matter in reminiscent postures that give emphasis to curvatures and shades. As the name entails, the objective of beauty photography is to interpret the role model in a sensational brightness. Therefore, lots of glamour shots bear teasing, unexplained and good-humored natures.

Aerial Photography-An airborne photographer concentrates in capturing images from the air. Photographs might be utilized for reviewing or constructing, to seize birds or climate on movie or for armed forces intentions. Aerial lens men have make use of airplanes, particularly lights, parachutes, hot-air balloons and remote controlled airliner to capture images from the atmosphere.

Imaginative Photography-Imaginative photography can hold a broad selection of subject matters. Whereas a natural world photographer might make use of undersea taking photographs to generate an art show based on marine life, a representation photographer's amusement might attribute black and white imaginative portrayal. Overall cases, the shoots should have artistic significance to be regard as artistic creation.

Marriage Photography-Marriage photography is a combination of various styles of taking photographs. Even though the nuptials photograph album is a documentary of the marriage day, marriage photographs can be improved and modified to generate a mixture of special effects. For instance, a lens man might take care of several of the photographs with reddish brown harmonizing to provide them an extra traditional, enduring look.

Underwater Photography-Subsurface photography is frequently in employment by scuba divers. On the other hand, the price of scuba diving, attached with frequently luxurious and awkward undersea picture making apparatus, creates this one of the fewer frequent styles of taking pictures. Likewise, if an unskilled has the apparatus and the scuba knowledge, captivating shots below the surface can be difficult, as scuba safety glasses are overstated and deform the photographer's visualization.

Travel Photography-Travel photography might extent numerous types of photography, as well as advertising, documentary or dialect photography that portrays a mainly local or chronological taste. A travel lens man can capture the sense of a site with mutually sceneries and portrayal.

Aerial Videography and Aerial Photography Company Resources

If you are looking for a great aerial photography company for any reason, you need to know the difference in the many different types of aerial photography and videography that are available to you. Also, it is important to keep in mind the reason you need an aerial photographer when looking in to a job. Below are the basic types of aerial photography and videography to help you get a sense of what you need:

1. Kite Aerial Photography - This method provides a quiet atomosphere which is neighbor friendly and produces decent results. The downside to kite aerial photography is that it is reliant on the wind, which we all know how unpredictable the weather can be. Also, the amount of control the photographer has over the shot is limited.

2. Balloon Aerial Photography - Again, very quiet and still produces decent results. In this case, the wind may play a damaging factor in trying to take an accurate shot. This is ideal for non-windy and quaint neighborhoods. However, the accuracy may not be as efficient however balloon aerial photography is very affordable.

3. Helicopter Aerial Photography - Perfect for accuracy. Whether you need aerial photography or aerial videography, you can count on the accuracy that a helicopter provides. The cost can be very expensive however and the noise may make neighbors unhappy. This is better suited for large landscapes and not for residential neighborhoods.

4. Unmanned Radio Controlled Helicopter Aerial Photography and Videography - The perfect all around solution for most individuals who have aerial photography and videography needs. This type of aerial photography provides a much quieter atmosphere but still provides the dead-on accuracy that a manned helicopter provides. This option is great for real estate agencies, Vinyards, landscaping, surveying, construction, marketing needs, and just about any use available for an aerial photographer and/or aerial videographer. Also this is an extremely affordable avenue to take and can potentially save you a lot of money.

Whether you need a Portland Oregon Aerial Photography company or a San Francisco California Aerial Photography company, keep in mind your surroundings and choose based on your needs. Keep open to the many different kinds of Aerial Photography and Aerial Videography. Be sure to look for three things when choosing an aerial photographer:

1. Price - Make sure the service you are looking in to fits in to your budget. There are many of aerial photography companies out there. Make sure you get the one that fits your financial needs.

2. Quality and Accuracy - Be sure to make sure the method you choose is very accurate or your photos or video may not turn out as you would like them too.

3. Impact - When working in neighborhoods, loud noises of large machinery may cause an issue. Also large helicopters (unlike the radio-controlled ones) whip up a lot of dust and can blow over bushes. This may be unsuitable for your needs.

So be sure to look in to your options to find the aerial photography company and the aerial photographer you need.

8 Questions To Ask Once You've Built Your Photography Website To Assess Its Photography Marketing IQ

There's a very good chance that you know how to build a photography website - they're very easy to do these days with the advancement of technology. You've also probably heard that a photographer without a photography website is not taken seriously. What you may not know are key questions that will assist you to build and maintain a successful photography website.

For me, it is very difficult to be objective when assessing the photography marketing effectiveness of my website. I have a great deal of trouble being objectively honest with my assessments of my websites. But, fortunately, I'm able to use a series of questions that helps me not to get sabotage by my inability of be objectively honest when assessing my website's effectiveness.

I'm a firm believer in photographers building their own websites. It's much easier to do these days - if a photographer can send and receive email, they have enough computer skills to build and manage their own photography website. I build all of my photography websites. And, as mentioned, I'm too biased to accurately assess the photography marketing effectiveness of my photography website.

Consequently, I ask myself - and answer - the following questions:

  1. Do your pages load quickly? I never cease to be amazed at all the photography websites that have home pages that take a long time to load. Most of the times, it's the flash type pages. Unfortunately, many of us photographers don't realize that most web surfers don't have computers sophisticated enough to handle all of the latest website gimmicks. The home page should load instantly - always!
  2. Is it instantly apparent what type of photography niche your business is in? Too often, our creative artsy side blocks what should be clear messages. You should know your photography niche and communicate what that niche is on your website. Your visitor shouldn't have to guess what it is that you do. They visit your website looking for information - not interested in guessing what it is that you do.
  3. Is your website menu viewable and easy to navigate? Links and navigation buttons should be simple and take your visitor where they want to go. Also, a navigation menu should be on every page.
  4. Is your website free of unnecessary gimmicks and graphics? On a personal note - when I visit a photography website and music begins to play, I click away from the site immediately - always! Because you and I might like specific music doesn't mean that everyone likes it. Visitors go to "music" sites to "hear" music. Research companies that track web surfing habits and trends, report that most visitors leave when they come across irritants like music, pop-ups, slow-loading pages, etc.
  5. Does your website offer valuable information? Too many website owners, especially photographers, forget that people use the internet looking for information, not looking to spend money or look at pictures. Displaying your best work on your website is preferable. But, keep in mind that new customers will find you on the internet by looking for information (typing in keywords at internet search engines). If your website doesn't have that information (content), visitors will never find you - never! Put content on your photography website. Help your visitors find you. Do a little research about optimizing your web pages (don't let the word optimizing intimidate you, it only means putting certain words in the content on your page) - don't overdo it. Less is more! Always offer valuable information on your website and visitors will keep coming back.
  6. Does your website reflect your commitment to quality? In my opinion, too many photographers confuse flashy bells & whistles with quality. The flashy bells & whistles usually only impress web designers (who build the flashy bells & whistles websites in the first place) and photographers with websites that don't have these eight questions. Also, you should only display your best work in your galleries offline and in your online galleries. Categorize your various photos and display them together.
  7. Would you want to do business with your photography business? This is a key question and maybe the most difficult to be honest in answering. But, your honesty is critical here.
  8. Is your contact information easily accessible? Website visitors expect to see normal things at different websites. For example, your contact information must be available and easily accessible.

These 8 questions aren't the only questions that will assist you to put your objective judging hat on and take a clear look at the photography marketing strength of your photography website. The questions will put your website through a process that should make it more magnetic to visitors. Sometime, the components that make out sites work aren't as obvious to us. Give the questions to a trusted friend and ask them to help you by using them to assess the effectiveness of your website - the least internet savvy that they are, the better.

Your photography website can be your most productive photography marketing tool. It doesn't require a lot of time or money - just regular consistency. And of course, objective assessments are like taking the pulse and heart rate of your website. Keep an eye on them. It's like keeping your website healthy and you happy!

How To Get Clarity In Your Digital Photography When Taking Photos Close Up

If you've ever wanted to get a really good, clear close up shots with your digital photography but haven't had much luck then here's a bit of good news.

There are a lot of wonderful aspects to digital photography and getting close up digital photos are one of them. When I say 'close up' I am talking about taking a digital photo with a very short depth of field. To understand how to get suburb results for close up digital photography I'll first explain some of the photography terms so you can learn faster.

Here is a definition:

"Digital photography with images that are life size or larger."

That's a good description, lets look at another way to describe close up digital photography:

"A method of getting close-up pictures of a subject by using Marco accessories attached to the camera's lens."

This second close up digital photography definition is definitely worth learning. It simply means that when you are getting close up shots, the image is very large. In order to make something very large you simply zoom in right? Well yes and no. You can zoom in all you like but you need to get the digital photography image looking clear, not just large. And in order to understand how to get good, clear close up digital images we have to first work with our depth of field. (And just on digital zoom- I would recommend you zoom with an optical lens over a digital lens any day.)

Depth of field simply means taking two objects in your digital image, the furthest and the closest, and then seeing how much focus is there. In other words:

"The amount of distance between the nearest and farthest objects that appear in acceptably sharp focus in a photograph. Depth of field depends on the size of the aperture, the distance of the camera from the subject, and the focal length of the lens. The bigger the aperture, the greater the depth of field."

So in order to get good, clear close up digital photography images you first have to work with a short depth of field (only the closest thing is in focus) and add some macro lenses so your subject that is in focus retains sharpness and clarity.

In digital photography terms a macro lens is what gives you the clarity up close because it has the capability to focus extremely closely (like a magnifying glass would for your eyes) and the minute detail of your close up subject is in clear focus. You can usually fill the frame quite confidently, giving you an enhanced clear digital image.

You will notice on your digital camera setting the icon for flower. This setting is not only to take flowers, it is there so you can get a bit better focus up close than you would on your other setting such as a landscape setting.

What happens is the camera changes its focus from usually a fair way in front of it to abut 30 cm in front to get good clear digital photos up close.

So now I have told you the definitions and given you a basic understanding of what means what in close up terms, now I'm going to tell you how to get good, clear close up shots.

Firstly when ever you do macro photography consider your lenses carefully. They are sometimes called magnifiers, or magnifying lenses or macro lenses. Then work out how close in you really need to get and pick your lens accordingly. Don't just get the standard pack of macro lenses because the shop assistant tells you to, get the right ones that fit your camera and that you can work with easily, in other words only spend what will give you the desired result.

Next understand that when working with a very short depth of field the less light there is on your subject. It's a common problem with macro photography, so make sure you have a lot of light on your subject. It's quite simple really, there is less space on something close up because of just that; it's a smaller space. If you can't light up your subject then try increasing your exposure. Open your aperture more to get the desired effect.

Thirdly always get the digital camera to help you. Just because you are now using a macro lens doesn't mean you can't still use the flower icon setting on your digital camera to increase the desired close up effect. On most digital cameras doing this makes macro photography a little easier as the camera "knows" what you are doing and aids you accordingly.

So there you have it- the beginnings of macro digital photography. Always get good lenses and make sure you have plenty of light and use the flower setting if you need to.

Macro digital photography is a lot of fun. You can black and white digital photography using abstract subjects- that's always fun, and you can really get creative and experiment with some amazing effects.

Good luck!

Digital Photography Classes That Obtain Awesome Results

Standing near a path, hedge, fence or wall which stretches away into the distance will carry the eye from the foreground through to the distance, giving the picture the extra dimension of depth. Rivers and streams, stretching into the distance, can be used to serve the same function with the added advantage of sparkling with light and reflecting a blue sky. Whether the photograph is framed to give a vertical picture (portrait format) or horizontal picture (landscape format) will always be dictated by purely visual considerations. Just what is visually most effective in any particular situation will determine whether we should take a landscape or portrait format photograph. Street scenes are another popular subject in this category. Streets in villages, old market towns or the endless variety of town scenes in other countries provide a continuous source of interest. Looking down a street automatically gives the picture a certain depth. Finding a suitable item for the foreground can help this along. This might be such things as a quaint shop front, a market stall, the wing of a car or a person.

If you're planning on opening up a studio to take children's photos then you're going to need to lease a building. It doesn't have to be anything large but it should be in a visible part of town with a lot of other businesses. Visibility is half the battle won. Finally, you're going to have to take lots of photos, especially if you want to build a reputation for yourself. You'll want to put together a portfolio of your work so that you can bring it around with you. Again, this is going to depend on what field you want to get into, whether it be freelancing for a magazine, setting up your own shop, or working for somebody else, which is usually a good way to break in. The world of photography is wide open. There are many options to each aspiring photographer. So pick a game plan and stick to it. With patience and perseverance, you'll eventually get to where you want to be.

A digital photography camera is a tricky choice for some. Many people are more concerned with price than they are with how much memory the camera will have. The cameras range in price from a hundred dollars all the way to thousands of dollars. Depending on what is needed, the choice can seem overwhelming. One photography site that can help determine just what is right is Short courses. This site helps the consumer decide from the four major types of cameras as to which one fits their lifestyle. Digital photography is a great way to capture the images of an individual that will be seen for generations to come. By using digital photography instead of regular film, those memories will be perfect the first time. The choices of cameras are endless, and with the help of the internet, a person can make sure and choose the right camera that best fits their lifestyle and price range.

Anyone who wants to learn how to be a photographer doesn't have to enroll for many years to get a degree. There are colleges who offer this as one of the subjects which the student may take as an elective. Can you still learn how to be a photographer being out of school for many years? The answer is yes. The only thing needed is your dedication to learn from the proper techniques and a camera to take some shots. Some students don't have to go to campus anymore. There are some institutions that offer distance education. A good example is the New York Institute of Photography. You will learn everything from exposure, lenses, the various techniques used to cover different events, journalism and much more. Being affiliated with the school, you will be entitled to free online magazine articles such as contests and digital imaging.

Some of you may have more options than others depending on where you live. If there are several schools in your area I highly recommend investigating the following; 1) Go over the course outline; by looking over the subject matter in the digital photography course, you will be able to check out which classes are suitable for your skill level. Some classes teach just the basics like how to work your camera. So if you're well passed that, why not take on something a little more challenging? 2) See if there are any interesting aspects to your class. Does the class teach nothing but black and white photography? Will you be out and about in nature trying to photograph birds at six in the morning? Some of this may interest you and it also might give you a headache.

Computer skills: A good photography school needs to have courses regarding the use of computers. The field of photography is a very competitive one and you could really use some knowledge of computers. With the advent of digital photography, the need for computer literacy is more evident than ever. Scholarships It would be best if the photography school is offering some kind of financial assistance for their students. Some of the equipments in photography are not that cheap. These are just some tips on how to choose a photography school. Choosing the right school is as important as having a good view of where you want to go. The right school is the best way to get there.

To keep yourself enthusiastic about your subject, you might want to shoot two or maybe three projects at a time. Spend a Saturday afternoon shooting your local town's attractions and people, and next weekend drive into the nearest city to shoot architecture and calf culture. But how do you choose projects that will assist in creating strong saleable images? Search stock photography agencies, look through travel magazines and newspapers. What you see everyday is what sells. The key is to plan what you are going to shoot. Although we are all guided by weather conditions, it is possible to select the images you want before you arrive at your location. I rarely arrive without at least a few images mapped out in my head, and never without a shoot list. As travel photographers, it goes without saying that we have a passion for travel. It's why we do what we do. But it is an extremely difficult business to get into. The catch 22 is that to produce a portfolio or stock image library you need time and money. To fund your photography you need to work. It will take time and dedication, but by shooting close to home you will gradually improve your photography skills and start to build a portfolio of images to be proud of. It all comes down to the way we view our surrounding.

Aerial Photography - What Type of Aircraft?

Aerial photography is as challenging as it gets for the professional photographer. Many decisions need to be made to get spectacular results, everything from type of aircraft to subject matter and time of day. Teamwork is also required as the photographer and pilot have to communicate well in order for the photographer to get the desired images. This article covers aerial photography platforms with a small amount of photography technical information. Part 2 will cover the technical and artistic side of aerial work.

While aerial photography has been accomplished with everything from hot air balloons to space shuttles for most of us we are a little limited in the resources we have available. I have used helicopters, fixed wing aircraft and ultralights for my work and I'll cover these in a little more detail in my personal order of preference.


Aerial photography from helicopters is likely the easiest platform to work from under most circumstances. When used specifically for photography most pilots will allow the removal of a door leaving a large workable shooting area available. This can be very advantages as you can literally pan the camera to keep the subject within the frame while still travelling in a straight forward direction. Helicopters also have very impressive turning characteristics so you will find that there is far less lost time as you circle back to shoot from a different altitude or angle.

There are a few downsides to shooting from helicopters however. Firstly is the big expense, easily $500 per hour or so for a Robinson R22 to $1,500 or more for a large jet. It's very impressive how much you can shoot in a few hours but the credit card can take a big hit after you land. Do you need a jet helicopter for most uses? I have used both the smaller Robinson's and large jet helicopters and have had very good results with both. Some will argue that the bigger helicopters are a little safer but I'll leave that up to the experts. Jet helicopters are significantly faster so if you are travelling large distances they can have an advantage. Secondly, vibrations can be an issue depending on a number of factors. My experience has been that a good pilot can often hit a "sweet spot" where the helicopter settles into a somewhat smooth forward motion. This generally is not while you hover, forward movement plays a part.

Helicopter photography from a technical standpoint can be both a challenge and an exhilarating experience. If you can't remove the doors wear dark clothing and make sure to have a lens shade installed. Most of the windows are Plexiglas and tend to have scratches so you will probably want to shoot fairly wide open to limit the depth of field. Window tint might also be a problem although this can generally be cleaned up in Photoshop or some other editor. I recommend shooting RAW for this reason. Whatever you do, do not place any part of your body or camera against the sides of the helicopter as the vibration will transfer over to the camera and cause unsharp images. Life is easier without doors but be aware of the turbulence if you lean out a little too far. The buffeting can be quite strong. All gear and other equipment needs to be securely fastened to your body or a harness, you don't want to think about what might happen if you drop a lens or camera out the door! I go as far as taping the lens hood to the lens as a safety precaution as I'm sure the tail rotors  would make quick work of a lost lens shade, possibly with bad consequences. If at all possible use a few different cameras so you can keep changing lenses and memory cards down to a minimum.

I try to keep my shutter speeds around 1/1000 or faster if at all possible but have had reasonable success around 1/500. If this means increasing the ISO as the light fades I do this in preference to having somewhat blurred images. This should allow for an aperture of about f5.6 in most circumstances although as the light fades you might be looking at f2.8 or so, a good reason to have fast lenses.


I first did aerial photography from an ultralight in Costa Rica a few years back. I must admit I really didn't know what to expect as all my previous aerial photography had been done from helicopters up to that point. I expected a large amount of vibration and bad wind buffeting but was in for a shock. Ultralights are actually an amazing aerial photography platform under the right conditions which is when you tend to fly them anyway. They do get tossed around a little bit but generally the vibrations are not as bad as helicopters. While they aren't as maneuverable as helicopters they are better than fixed wing aircraft. Possibly the only downsides are, they are somewhat slow and you have to feel comfortable in them as they are very bare bones and seat of the pants!

Fixed wing aircraft:

Likely the bulk of aerial photography is done with fixed wing aircraft. While not as maneuverable as helicopters they are still very competent shooting platforms under the right conditions. Try to get an airplane with a high wing like the Cessna 172 Skyhawk to get the best view. The low winged aircraft really limit the view below! Even with high wings the wing strut will probably be in the way, it's just not generally located in a good position for photography. I'm sure some people fly with the doors off but in general you will be flying either shooting through a small opening window or through the glass. Either way, positioning of the aircraft is very critical to line up the image so a good pilot preferably with experience working with photographers is a must. What's the biggest advantage of a fixed wing platform? Cost! Likely 1/4 or less of what the helicopter will cost.

Getting organized:

Flying in circles looking for photographs could be very exciting and entertaining until you land and find out how much money you spent without really accomplishing anything. Do your research beforehand and get a good idea about what you want to photograph and how you will accomplish it. What side of the aircraft will you be shooting from? What altitude or different altitudes are required? When will the light be the best? Often you will find that one flight will not produce all of the required images due to some of these decisions and a second or third flight might be required.

Once you have done your homework it's time to find your aircraft. What's your budget is likely the biggest decision here as well as what type of aircraft are available? Hire a good pilot, preferably one that has experience working with photographers! Pilots do vary and some are better at others when it comes to understanding the requirements of aerial photography. Go over a flight plan and stick with it. The most important part of the shoot is the pilot calls the shots and has the final say in what will be done. They know the regulations, safety issues and the bottom line; they are responsible for you, the aircraft and the people on the ground!

Happy shooting!

Photography Basics - Portrait Photography Tips

People are easily the number one subject for photographs. From party snaps, to photos of children and travel shots of family members in front of famous monuments, millions upon millions of people photographs are taken every single say of the year.

Portrait photography is a little different to general people photography. The intent of portrait photography is capture and display something of the 'essence' of a person; to say something about their character, personality, or life.

The three most important things to get right in portrait photography are camera settings, lighting, and your relationship with your model.

Camera settings for portrait photography

Because taking portrait photographs is all about a person's face (or if it's a wider shot, their head-and-shoulders), classic portrait photography settings seek to remove anything distracting from the background of the shot. This mimics the effect of looking at someone's face from very close up, and makes the subject 'pop' (this is photographer-speak for 'stand out and capture attention').

The way to achieve a distraction-free portrait photo is to use a wide aperture, often as wide as possible (f/2.8 or f/4 are popular choices). Wide apertures produce a shallow depth-of-field, which renders anything far from the plane of best focus - i.e. the background - as a soft blur.

Aside from a wide aperture, the only other important setting is ISO. This should be as low a number as possible (e.g. ISO 100), as higher ISOs will lead to digital noise, which is particularly ugly in a portrait.
There's one offshoot of portrait photography where the recommended settings are different, and that's environmental portrait photography. Environmental portrait photography seeks to show a person in their 'natural habitat', which is often their workplace. Here you want to show the background, so a smaller aperture is appropriate.

Lighting for portrait photography

Lighting in portrait photography can be as complicated as you like. Professional portrait photography is almost always done in a studio, where the lighting can be 100% controlled. If you're reading this, chances are you don't have your own photography studio, so let's discuss a simple lighting scheme you can set up at home.

First, position your model at a window. The light coming from the window should be bright, but not direct (i.e. not coming directly from the sun). You model should be facing you, side on to the window. Light from the window light will obviously light up the side of their face that is closest to it. Then, position something on the other side of your model that will bounce reflected light from the window onto the other side of their face. Anything white or reflective will do, for example a piece of white cardboard or a sheet of aluminum.

Now you have a basic, flattering light scheme, with the main light source on one side of your model's face, and 'fill' light from the reflector on the other. Don't forget that you should frame the shot close enough that the reflector is not in the shot.

Interacting with your subject

Portrait photography inevitably says something about the relationship between photographer and subject. Unless you're shooting professional models, the hardest thing about taking portrait photos is not in fact camera settings or lighting, but ensuring that your model is comfortable and relaxed enough to give you good results. A model who feels awkward, uncomfortable or self-conscious will not photograph well.

Often the best strategy to relax your model is simply to engage them in conversation, as this will take their mind off the camera. They'll probably get more comfortable with the process after you've rattled off a few shots, so schedule a decent amount of time and plan on taking your best shots towards the end of the session.

Photography Schools

Pursuing a Career with Top Photography Colleges

Pursue your dream of becoming a successful photographer by enrolling in top Photography Colleges. If your passion for photography is something you have been seriously thinking about, then look no further. All you need is to know what the best photography colleges are offering to hone your skills and take you further into the world of professional photography.

Your passion in photography can turn into a booming career. If you have an eye for compelling images, top Photography Colleges offer classes and courses to aspiring artists. These schools teach the aesthetic and technical qualities that a photographer needs. Aside from this, they also teach how to turn an ordinary photograph into a professional looking picture.

Students who graduate from Photography Colleges are able to gain promising careers in Architecture, Fashion, Landscape, Advertising and Journalism. Professional photographers are in demand- although anyone can shoot a picture, not everyone can shoot a good one. You can pursue a satisfying career by blending photography with a specific interest. The options are endless.

The road to becoming a professional photographer is more than just pointing the camera and shooting a picture. An education in photography digs deeper into the theoretical and technical aspects of the field. A Photography School that offers quality education will not only teach the art of traditional photography but will also give hands-on training on the new aspects of technology related to the subject.

Top Photography Colleges update their curriculum according to the latest equipments that are being used in the present. When choosing a school, inquire about the equipments that are used for teaching. Choose one that uses the most recent equipments with up-to-date information. For instance, photographers today seldom use the dark room techniques used in the old times. They are experts in image-editing. Digital graphics and computer technology are the most basic aspects of today's photography.

Remember that equipments are ever changing and although the demand for photographers is high, the market is very competitive-you don't want to lag behind the latest gadgets and regret it in the end. When you graduate, you should be updated with the latest information in photography. Photography is a continuous learning process, and with the ever-changing technology, skills need to constantly be improved and harnessed.

When choosing a Photography College, you should select one that has been accredited by the authorized government organizations. This is because a Photography School should be able to meet certain criteria and standards before it is permitted to operate. A degree earned from an unaccredited school may not be accepted by companies that you will work for in the future and therefore your efforts will be put into waste. Also, if the school you choose is not accredited, chances are you may not be getting the kind of quality education that you deserve.

Top Photography Colleges encourage students to use and develop their creative minds through personal expression and development of photography styles. Short courses in photography commonly include camera basics, lighting, digital photographic techniques, composition and digital imaging. Long-term courses include illustration, advertising, documentary, photojournalism, design and business subjects.

Another advantage of learning photography is that you will be able to learn the basics without seeking formal education. Photography Schools can give you the option of learning the course and help you become a professional photographer without having to undergo several years of education.

Did you know:

According to US News and World Reports the following are the top 2010 National Schools offering Art majors

1. Yale University - New Haven, CT
2. University of Chicago - Chicago, IL
3. Northwestern University - Evanston, IL
4. Brown University - Providence, RI
5. Rice University - Houston, TX

Photography - Chemical Vs Digital Processing

Photography is one of the new media forms that revolutionizes awareness and modifies the structure of our society. It is the art of obtaining accurate images of certain objects by undergoing chemical processes. Photography is the so-called skill of creating reality. According to Jean Luc Godard, photography is truth. The device used in creating or capturing the image desired is known as a camera. The creation made by photography is called negative or photograph.

The creation done by photography originally started in black and white form. This classic look has dominated for several decades due to its reasonable cost. Some photographers still use the 'classic look' that even with the advent of digital imaging, photos are sometimes processed using a variety of techniques just to generate a black and white effect.

Digital photography came in when new technological trends opened a new horizon for fresh artistic visions. With digital camera, one uses full spectrum photography. Photojournalism and professional photography were the first to enjoy the modern accents of digital photography. One only needs to use a little amount of time when transmitting images to the head office. While chemical photography uses film and photographic paper, digital imaging does not need any of this equipment. Digital photography only needs a controlling medium.
Traditional photography held back photographers assigned in remote areas because of the difficulty in obtaining access to processing facilities. In 1981, Sony uncovered the first consumer camera which saved images to disks and, therefore, eliminating the need for film.

From then on, digital photography has become a major consumer product in the world of photography, from Portland photographers in the north to those in Florida in the south, to the east and the west of the United States. However, a 2007 survey conducted by a major camera brand showed that a sizable number of professional photographers continue to use chemical photography which, to them, is still superior over other forms of photography.

It was in the 17th century when color photography started, although the first successful color processing facility was created in 1907. By 1963, the instant color film was introduced and, out of this novelty, photo printing equipment was introduced. While digital photography is a force to be considered, traditional techniques are still regarded as a wonderful learning experience for most photographers.

Photography - A Memory Preserver

Photography is used by amateurs to preserve memories of favorite times, to capture special moments, to tell stories, to send messages, and as a source of entertainment. Many mobile phones now contain cameras to facilitate such use. Photography is all about light, and as photographers, we're constantly thinking about the light as we photograph a scene. Light dominates our thoughts during the photographic process, and light continues to be a defining element when converting your RAW captures to "real" digitalimages. Photography is an art and those of us who choose to practice the great art of street photographyought not be targeted by bullies like Blint. Many of the great artists, artists being shown in the SF MOMA itself were practitioners of street photography.

Photography is a language; it has syntax and structure like English. As with a language, there are many ways to understand how to use the language. Photography is also increasingly asserting itself on the auctionblock as an important investment. And its prices in the galleries and at the major fairs reflect its serious status.Photography is one of the most basic, quintessential prototypes for how a "small business" works. It's the single-celled creature of the business world, making it the easiest to analyze, experimentwith, test, and retest.

Photography is a type of art. With the skillful use of the artist's hands, photography can bring out the subject's "personality" and create almost magical moments which might not ordinarily be achieved through other means of self-expression. Photography is a creative endeavor, if you removethe pressure to capture every angle and view of a location, you free yourself up to be more creative and your results will be much better. Photography is not art any more than oil paint is art. Some photographers used it to create art.

Photography is the confluence of chance, observation and memory. Photography and Art tap into the very life force that drives us. Photography is an emotional and intuitive process for me. Scenes, objects, and the subtleties of light and colour are like emotional bookmarks. Photography is an art that is capable of ?

Photography is so much a part of our culture now that we hardly even notice all the places that it exists. When you watch television, look at a magazine or even view a billboard on the highway, this is all because of photography. Photography is no different than cave painting, we all want to tell our story, some want to record that story for others who missed out. Did you see the anguish in her face, did you notice the mother's reaction?". Photography is the dream, the interval, which we take to be the real. And yet secret tears flow behind these portraits.

Photography is an entire hobby in itself, and a thorough exploration of it is beyond the scope of this article. If you are interested in Professional RC aerial photography, or just want to know more, get a book from the library on photography and read it. Photography is a life-long hobby for many people. But for many thousands more it is a vocation. People who gain ability in photography can put their knowledge to work by making their living in it. Photography is also just plain fun, and it's a wonderful foundation for community-based projects. If you introduce photography properly, it helps you look much more carefully at the world around you.

Photography is finally escaping any dependence on what is in front of a lens, but it comes at the price of its special claim on a viewer's attention as "evidence" rooted in reality. As gallery material, photographs are now essentially no different from paintings concocted entirely from an artist's imagination, except that they lack painting's manual touch and surface variation. Photography is HOT in the international art market. People in the know buy photos by hot artists from hot dealers, the way some savvy businessmen buy blue-chip stocks. Photography is probably the most accessible form of art in the world. Granted, a box of crayons is cheaper than a disposable camera, but in theory you do not need any technical skills to use the camera.

Photography is an art form that should not be squelched. Transportation is a huge part of our lives, and documenting this whether it be subway photos, or pictures of trains and airplanes, has a long history and tradition in this country Photography is also a large part of our modern news media and journalism. Photography is an expansive art form that includes more than just portraiture, landscape or glamor photography. Both professional and amateur photographers may favor specific types of photography over others.

Cameras also provide histograms to help you determine if a photo has been properly exposed. Histograms will be a subject for a future article. Cameras may be hand held or mounted, and photographs may be taken by a photographer, triggered remotely or triggered automatically. Platforms for aerial photography include fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, balloons, blimps and dirigibles, rockets, kites, poles and parachutes. Cameras are changing and improving. Methods of developing are changing and improving as well.

Cameras in the nineteenth century were large, took photographic plates and required a long time for exposure. Subjects in portraits would have to sit for minutes, and some photographers would use restraints or posture holding devices to reduce movement. Cameras do not focus infrared light the same way they do visible light, which is one reason infrared photographs tend to be a little blurry. Cameras with a pentaprism (as opposed to pentamirror) ensure that little light is lost before it hits your eye, however these often increase the cost of the camera significantly. Larger format sensors also produce a brighter viewfinder image (such as full frame 35 mm, compared to 1.5-1.6X or smaller crop factors).

Stock photos are professional photographs of all different subjects that are sold individually or as a set, usually on a CD or on the Internet. Clip art is line art such as drawings and illustrations rather than photographs. Stock photography websites contain thousands of existing photographs that can be licensed for specific uses. Legally, you cannot use a photo you find on the web without the photographer's permission.

Practice your photography skills and improve your class projects. Practice this at home in a dimly lit room and without a flash change the shutter speed settings on your camera. The manual you got with the camera should explain this more in detail.

Subject movement is also an important factor to consider. Macro photography magnifies the subject, leaving more room for blur. Subjects in all lower case tend to escape notice in a busy group like RPD, and those in ALL CAPS tend to get actively ignored?probably because many experienced Internet users take all caps as SHOUTING.

Beginners Photography - Digital Photography Tips For Beginners

If you want to grow in beginners photography or digital photography you are going to want some beginners photography tips. Digital photography, especially when using an SLR, is a whole new world. Here are some photography tips for beginners photography that I think will help get you going in the right direction.

Choose a Camera

Selecting an SLR can be confusing. Websites and forums or companies like B&H Photo can help you select one that fits your specific use, whether it is personal or professional.

Learn the Basics

There are some basic rules in beginners photography that will help start you on the path to becoming successful in digital photography. The first is to learn the relationship between aperture and shutter speed in exposure. In digital photography, the aperture controls the size of the opening in the lens, and the shutter speed controls how long the shutter is open. To get the right amount of light, you need to control these two settings properly. A really wide opening along with leaving the shutter open for too long makes your photo too exposed to light and it will look washed out and colorless. The opposite is also true. Using your manual, learn how to change these settings to let the right amount of light into the lens.

Practice, Practice, Practice

Once you have got your camera and have learned the beginners photography basics, you need to go out and practice. This process can be long and frustrating, but stick with it and don't give up! The more you practice, the more you will learn from them. Websites like have forums where you can have your photos critiqued and learn from suggestions from professional photographers.

Start Making Money

Once you have down the basics and have practiced and received advice from professionals, use your digital photography skills to start making some additional income. Find websites, forums and other resources that will allow you to use your newfound beginners photography skills to generate some supplemental income under my website listed below. Even people with just beginners photography skills can earn some extra income by learning the basics and practicing.

Nature Photography - Technology Or Art?

Nature photography has been around since cameras were invented, but in the past 20 years it has achieved new-found credibility as an art form. Before that, it had been largely relegated to the tourist industry, where second-rate nature photography was mass marketed on postcards and calendars. You certainly would not expect to find nature photography featured in galleries and on the walls of the well-heeled and tasteful.

Over the years, postcards and calendars began to improve in quality as nature photographers with real talent entered the industry. High quality posters of whales, wolves, elephants and spectacular landscapes from around the world were suddenly worthy of framing. Finally nature photography galleries began to appear and, more importantly, turn a profit.

When I opened my gallery in 1993, many people still felt that you could not make a living selling photography; that people would only buy paintings to hang on their walls. These days, new galleries are opening everywhere; some good, some not so good, and a few that have really hit the big time.

All this activity in the world of nature photography has inspired new generations of photographers to look at nature photography as a hobby or possible profession. These new nature photographers grew up in a very different world than the one I come from. Technology that was unimagined back then is now commonplace, and new photographers have more power in their hands than ever before. But what implications does all this technology have for nature photography?

Nature photographers must now decide how much they will allow their photography to be influenced by technology. In earlier days, good nature photography required a very simple approach; find a great subject, in the best possible light, and use your skill with a camera to capture what you saw. Today it is quite a different story. A nature photographer can (if they choose) find a decent subject, photograph it in whatever lighting conditions they happen to find, then go home and completely alter the colours, the contrast, and even the detail of the picture. The result can be an image that owes more to the marvels of technology than to the wonders of nature.

Each to his own. It is not for me to judge the creative decisions of another photographer. But the question that is in the back of your mind right now deserves to be asked; is this nature photography?

Every photographer is entitled to pursue their craft any way they choose. Of course skills with computer software are just as creative as traditional nature photography skills. However, the person who views a photograph deserves to know what they are looking at, especially if that person is a customer prepared to part with their hard-earned money.

I know many photographers get quite defensive on this subject. Camera clubs around the world continue to wrestle with the issue of judging natural photos alongside manipulated photos. Some clubs have tried to divide competition into separate categories, only to find people sneaking their digitally altered photos into the unaltered category for equal recognition. Understandably, 'software photographers' want their talents to be recognised on the same level as the 'in-camera photographers'. And so they should, but not in a way that ignores the difference between the two disciplines.

This is not an attempt to denigrate the skills of the software photographers. It just seems to me that the viewer, and in particular the paying customer, deserves to know.

Increasingly the public is becoming suspicious of good photography. Anything that is outstanding or unusual is now assumed to have been altered or manipulated using computer software. In many cases, it probably has. Unfortunately, this suspicion gives little credit to the traditional photographer (and there are still plenty of us out there) who prefer to do the creative work in the field, before they press the shutter, and reproduce what was captured on the day.

You can't imagine, unless it has happened to you, how frustrating it is to proudly display your best nature photography, only to hear people say 'These days it's all done with computers.'

For the record, my photography is as traditional as it can be in the digital age. Software is becoming essential to my work, as I go throught the process of scanning thousands of slides from my years of travel. Not to alter a photo, but to balance the colour and contrast to make sure the printed photograph matches the original slide. It is also an enormous benefit to finally be able to restore images that have been scratched or otherwise damaged by age.

I recognise that the trend towards using software to enhance and alter photos is not only inevitable, but just as legitimate as old fashioned nature photography. However, I continue to encourage people to learn true camera skills as well, so that the use of software to manipulate images is a creative choice, not a remedy for lack of ability. Thankfully, the demand for my ebooks suggests that there are plenty of people out there who feel the same way.

Free Digital Photography Courses Online

Digital cameras have taken over the world of photography, finding a new 35mm camera is difficult these days. Secondhand 35mm cameras however are very cheap and you can buy the best of this type of cameras for almost nothing at e-bay or secondhand stores online. New digital cameras can be bought everywhere these days, and it seems that everyone has one. You can buy them everywhere from local gas stations to online mega stores. There are even disposable digital cameras nowadays. But having a digital camera is not the same as being a good photographer. For that you need take at least some proper courses.

If you are planning to become a professional photographer I would not advise any of the photography courses you can find online currently,. Still, there are some good articles that you can learn a lot from. However it takes more then reading a few articles to become a professional even if you own a great digital camera. If you are an amateur photographer and you would like to learn some good tips we can absolutely recommend a free digital photography course. You will learn the foundation you need to understand digital photography and such a course can give you some good tips about the possibilities of taking a good picture.

Take a free course before you buy a camera

Because there a so many types of digital cameras on the market today, there are a few free photography courses that will teach you about the different camera types available.

- Point and shoot camera (this will allow you to just take a picture of whatever you can see through the viewfinder)
- Mid-range cameras (zoom in and take movie clips as well as pictures)
- High-end cameras are the digital SLR cameras. (very similar to the 35mm cameras and allow you the ability to manually manipulate the images similar to 35 mm cameras)

There are people who find it nice to have different types of digital cameras. What they use depends on the situation. They buy a point and shoot or mid-range camera for everyday shots and a digital SLR to make even better pictures and manipulate the image with software. To guide you in your choice a free digital photography course is a good help in doing so.

Free Photography Courses For Photography Basics

Most courses for digital photographers will start with the basics of photography. And if you are a beginning photographer you need to learn the basics of photography in general and the basic of digital photography in particular. The basics of photography will range from composition, light, how to use your camera, to the many different types of photography.

After you understand the basics, you need to understand at least the basics of how your digital camera works because without that knowledge you won't be able to take advantage of all the features it offers. A proper free photography course will allow you to follow some lessons before you purchase the full course. Most free courses for digital photography will go over the basics of their program and will offer one or more paid courses on how to use some of the more advanced features of photography and digital camera use. Whatever the camera you have or are planning to buy, taking a free digital photography course will give you at least the basic knowledge.

Defining Street Photography

Most types of photography can be easily defined by their subjects. A wedding photographer takes pictures of weddings. A portrait photographer poses someone and takes their picture. The nature photographer covers a wide area, but it is easy to categorize.

Street photography is difficult to define because it can encompass just about any subject.

If I were to ask you to name a few famous street photographers, you might pick, Garry Winnograd, Henri Cartier-Bresson, or maybe Robert Frank. But if I asked you to define street photography - that would be more difficult. You might say that street photography is candid pictures of strangers on the street. That might be a good start, but it doesn't really describe street photography.

To start with, street photography doesn't need to be done on "the street." And it doesn't need to be pictures of strangers. In fact, it doesn't even need to be pictures of people, though it usually is. Although there are common subjects for street photography, it is not so much about the subject as it is the style of the photograph. I can easily imagine an astronaut orbiting the earth, using a street photography style.

Just as any object or scene can be painted with in a cubist style, just about any subject can be photographed in street-photography style. I say almost any subject, because the one thing that all street photos have in common are human beings, or human artifacts: things that were made by human beings. So what are the characteristics of this style which can be separated from the subjects of the image.

The most common and famous property of street-photography is the idea of capturing "the decisive moment." The most well-known street moment may be the blurred image of a man trying to jump a puddle at the railway station by Cartier-Bresson. A moment sooner and you have the guy standing, looking at the large puddle. A moment later, and the man has fallen into the puddle, or cleared it somehow. You don't really know. But capturing the moment, even if it is important, isn't everything.

Suppose that photograph were taken with a long modern lens, and the figure was frozen at 1/8000th of a second in mid-air, and the background and foreground were blurred because the depth-of-field with a long lens is very narrow. Well, it might look very much that moment when a pitcher releases the ball in an important game. The foreground and background are blurred. Even the closest part of the pitching mound is out of focus. Can that be considered a street shot.

No. Why not? It's the decisive moment alright - but without context - it isn't street photography.

Since we're imagining shots, let's imagine that you are sitting in the dugout with a normal or wide angle lens, and you hear footsteps on top of the dugout. You wonder what is going on, and at the same time you prepare your camera, and the pitcher is taking his wind up in the background, and just as he let's go of the ball, a naked streaker jumps from the top of the dugout onto the field. And you have snapped just as the figure was in mid-air, and the ball was coming to the plate, and the pitcher was finishing his follow-through. That's a street shot. No street. No buildings. But you have caught two moments, and pretty much everything is in focus, and you can look at the picture and just be amazed. The viewer is as surprised as you were - though you had some idea that something was about to happen.

It's that sort of moment, or juxtaposition of ideas, that street photographers are fascinated by. If you had a lot of money, you could dream up this still shot, and rent out the stadium and the team, and recreate this shot exactly as described - but that would not be street photography. And so long as nobody told about how the shot was set up and planned, it would be considered a great street shot. If everyone found out that they were duped, it might still be considered a great photograph - but not a great street shot.

The moment is not enough. To play by the rules, the shot really does need to be unplanned. It also needs to allow the eye to wander around and make it's own conclusions about the meaning of the photograph. If street photography were a musical form - it might be jazz. It might be rock and roll. The style of music would have a measure of improvisation.

Street Photography is not the same as documentary photography

If you send our imaginary street photographer to photograph the President giving at a press conference, they return with pictures of the other photographers at the photo op. Journalistic images are a dime a dozen. Their style is about curiosity. They need find be surprised in order to press the shutter. And it's not all based on juxtaposition, or the actual event. Maybe they find that three photographers look the same, and that's enough to click the shutter, if they are arranged properly.

The street photographer is a perpetual tourist. They may never leave their own town, but as they walk around, they can see things that the rest of the world is oblivious to. So I say again - it isn't the things they photograph nor is it always about the decisive moment.

I knew a street photographer who became fascinated by the different ways that people hailed a cab in New York. For two years, whenever he saw someone hail a cab, he tried to find a new angle, a new way of shooting this most ordinary of urban moments. One day, after years of keeping an eye out for people hailing cabs, he glimpsed, a young girl with crutches waiting to get into the cab. This might have been just another shot, but as he got closer to take the shot, he saw an old man with crutches was getting out of the cab. You look at the image, and think - what a stroke of luck to find this coincidence but he took years of maintaining this obsession to make something from the idea. And other times you just walk out of the house and are greeted with this sort of coincidental image.

Another common aspect of street photography that makes it different from other forms of photography, is that it is usually not sponsored. (In rare instances the photographer is given a grant to do this shooting, but as I say, this is rare). Just as nature photographers are haunted by their own desire to capture a mountain that is special or the mating habits of some bird species, the street photographer is driven to extract juxtapositions, or similarities, or unusual moments from the swirl of urban life.

The street photographer can best be identified not by what they shoot, but why they shoot. If their purpose is to make a discovery, to find a surprise, to give expression to their own curiosity about people and the things that people construct there is a good chance you've run into a street photographer. The best ones are like Zen hunters. I say Zen hunter, because you can't force the unexpected. You can only be open to it.

You can't force it, but you can put yourself in a place where there are enough people milling around to increase your odds. Looking for that moment is as useless as casting a fishing line and saying, "now I will catch a fish." It doesn't work that way.

The street photographer is the mirror image of the commercial photographer.  The commercial photographer sets up the product to be photographed, arranges the lighting, controls as much of the image as he can, and takes the picture. The wedding photographer urges the various families to stand and smile at the camera.  The idea of posing subjects is anathema for the street photographer.

The wedding photographer, or the commercial photographer are paid to produce a product.  The street photographer is only paid afterwards, if at all.

The street photographer is often an unwanted guest. They need to develop Ninja-like techniques so that they  remain unseen in the middle of a crowded street. They may even dress in camouflage. Rather than using a high-powered rifle to pick off wild beasts at a distance,  the street photographer photograph strangers at close range. This can be scary for the beginner.

One photographer I knew would dress like a typical tourist in New York and bring a tourist map with him. He might stand near the Empire State building and gawk up at it, all the time taking pictures of the people around him. So here he is, a New York native for fifty years, play-acting the tourist so that he can blend in with the strangers around him.

I'm sure that many a street photographers dream of a cloak of invisibility.

To conclude - there are the formal elements that can be used to define the street photograph: the mysterious decisive moment that is shown in context; the use of juxtaposed elements to form a new synthesis that is unusual, although the juxtaposed elements may be ordinary; the desire to let the scene play without disturbing it; and most of all, the desire to experience and communicate the surprise that the photographer feels in the frame which is pointed at the world of human beings and their creations.

As you can see, it would be much easier for me to talk about techniques that street photographers use to achieve their ends then it is to define the style, but hopefully this article is useful in explaining the how it can be recognized.

Dave Beckerman 2009

Digital Photography Classes - 3 Best Ways to Take Digital Photography Classes

If you're thinking about taking digital photography classes to help you become a better photographer, but aren't sure where to begin, here are the most common ways to take an affordable photography class.

1. Online Digital Photography Classes

Online photography classes are one of the quickest and easiest ways to get started. Unlike real world (as opposed to the internet world) photography classes, you don't need to wait for the class to begin, worry if there will be room, or if it meets your schedule. Instead, with online classes you can start right away and set your own pace and schedule. Another great benefit of online classes is that you usually get to participate in forums and online galleries with other students where you can receive constructive critiques on your photographs. And there is usually an instructor who you can email with and get guidance from (the best online courses will offer this). There are some great online courses out there for between $100-$200 that include everything.

2. eBook Digital Photography Classes

eBook digital photography classes are also a great way to learn photography. Like online classes, the benefits of an eBook class is that you start when you want and go at your own pace. eBook learning is a one person experience, if you prefer to learn on your own, this is the way to go. The drawbacks: no instructor to offer guidance, and no other students to interact with. eBooks usually offer much more instruction and assignments then real world classes or some online digital classes. This is because there is no overhead expenses like class room space or website/forum hosting costs. You can find eBook photography courses for anywhere between $29 - $99.

3.Local Real World Digital Photography Classes

The benefits of real world photography classes are that you meet your instructor and other students face to face, and work side by side during the class. It also means you can team up to go out on shoots together. If you're a people person who learns best when around others, this might be the way for you to go. The drawbacks are that usually these classes are very focused on one part of photography, and don't give you as much information and instruction as online or eBook classes can. If you decide to go this route, supplementing it with a good eBook course would fill in the gaps. And of course, you are on their time schedule.

There are also digital photography classes offered at Universities but you generally need to be an enrolled student to get into one. And there are photo workshops that take you to some wonderful spot for 5-7 days, and teach you how to shoot a specific type of photography (ie. landscape photography). But these are generally very expensive as you have to pay for travel, hotel, and meals. These types of photography workshops should be done only if you already know a lot about photography and/or earn an income from photography.

Photography in Today's World

After the invention and popularity gained by photography through a simple box we call a camera, there was an unavoidable rush into mass producing photo prints. But it did not take place over night. With the arrival of cameras, our lives have been indelibly changed, as now we are capable of recording for posterity personal histories and our progress (or regression!) over the course of decades.

It is said that each picture speaks for itself and that a picture is worth a thousand words. For example, snapshots and film taken in the midst of war and political turmoil have a great impact on people around the world. Additionally, the very concept of privacy has been challenged and altered with the recording of public figures as well as the average "Joe" on the street. Cameras are used to capture almost any type of event, including as proof of events that might otherwise be dismissed with skepticism. (Consider, for example, crimes captured on film but nowhere else.)

Art of Photography

The view of photography as an art form had little popularity in its infancy. The value of pictures was perceived as more for pragmatic usage than to capture beauty. This "newcomer" was challenged by people with an artistic bent, as well as by critics from around the world. The benefits to be derived from photography would be for its craft value, and little more.

Removing the Restrictions

Acceptance constraints on photographers were gradually stripped away when museums and art schools embraced photography as a legitimate form of art; the trend still exists today. They began to dismiss strict and narrow limitations established by the norms of the culture and made headway into the usage of this emerging art for aesthetic acceptance and documentary work. In the decade of the 1960's, photography had made significant inroads to the world of visual arts. Since then, the art of photography has been combined with other creative means of expression, such as computer imagery and as part of mixed media.

Application of Photography

On a practical level, photography has many niches. It is used as an important tool in quite a number of fields such as military activities, education, commerce, medicine, and more. The realm of science has been a beneficiary of photography as well. It can be used for aerial maps of geographical terrains, geology, meteorology and other important fields of endeavor.

New Digital Era

As the 21st century arrived, photographic images were able to be altered through digital imaging software packages. The introduction of digital photography changed the very nature of photography. The standard method of taking pictures was to pass light through a lens and an emulsifying process; color filters and sensors produce the image. Digital photography uses three filter layers for an image. Each only permits one color, such as green or red or blue.

Photography was introduced to the world over 100 years ago and its innovations continue. This helps to give us hope that there are still many more creative uses to come!

Nature Photography

The term Nature Photography refers to a large genre of photography that deals with natural occurring elements and the great outdoors.

Some subjects of Nature Photography would be Wildlife and animals, flowers, trees or plants, spiders, snakes and insects, landscapes, seascapes and other land formations. Photographic views can range from extreme macro photography or closeups to large panoramic triptych style photographs. Unlike documentary photography and Fine Art Photography which deal with a subject matter or artist point of view, Nature Photography usually aim to be more aesthetically pleasing. Nature Photography tries to express the beauty of its subject through color, depth and perspective.

Nature Photography is a very broad term and so contains many subcategories. Some of the more popular categories and subjects are Wildlife, Landscapes, Seascapes, Plants and many more.

Wildlife photography deals with the animal kingdom, from elephants to dung beetles, Salmon to Sharks, Penguins to Pot Bellied Pigs. Wildlife photographers try to catch their subjects in their natural habitats and normal behavior.

Landscape Photography attempts to capture the grand nature of our surrounding. The subjects of landscape photographers are usually land masses, mountains and mountain ranges, sunsets and cloud formations, waterfalls and coastal vistas. The presence of humans are usually void from landscape photos in attempt to capture the raw beauty of a scene unhampered by mans hand.

Seascape Photography looks to capture the sea and its many faces. The presence of humans or animals in seascape photography is neither required nor prohibited. There are many beautiful panoramic views of the ocean with a whale or a boat present. Seascapes also are related to the beach scene category which would include beaches, water, coastline, tropical scenes and maybe a sunset.

Plant photography deals with all forms of plant life, from flowers to vegetables, from trees to moss. Plant photography usually deals with closeups, still shots and macro photography. Flowers and extreme closeups are a popular theme of plant photography.

Nature Photography is a large category unto its self as all the many sub categories could technically be termed Nature Photography as they clearly fall under the umbrella of Nature.

Some of the most famous Nature Photographers would be Ansel Adams who pioneered Landscape Photography with his amazing black and white photos of beautiful vistas around the United States. Another would be Galen Rowell who was a photojournalist and became famous for his beautiful landscape photography. Other names would include William Henry Jackson, Eliot Porter, David Muench and Philip Hyde to name a few.

Nature is still the most popular category of photography today. Whether Nature pictures are taken professionally or by the vacationing amateur, the category of Nature Photography goes on strong and is here to stay.

Become Snap - Happy With Digital Photography

The digital revolution has made amateur photography more popular than ever before. The days of Fuji film and print processing have been replaced with talk of mega-pixels and memory cards. With hundreds of cheap digital cameras on the market, it's possible for anyone with a good eye for photography yet little practical knowledge of the mechanics of cameras, to capture great shots with simple "point and shoot" digital models.

For some, a love of photography can turn into a profession. If you're looking to take your photography to the next level, it's a good idea to first build up a portfolio of work, and then submit your work to the many dedicated photography websites or competitions. There are hundreds of amateur photography forums and websites where members can submit their work for critical appraisal by other members. Such websites also offer advice and tips on photography techniques.

Another way to get recognition and even payment for your photographs is to submit your shots to magazines. Either choose a general photography magazine to do this, or try specialist consumer magazines. For example, if you are a keen skier, submit your ski shots to a winter sports magazine; or if you enjoy fishing, try an angling magazine. Local papers are also a good place to submit photos, as they are often on the lookout for pictures to accompany their stories.

When submitting your photography to magazines, it's important to remember that photography is an extremely competitive field and that you will be up against professionals. Therefore, don't get disheartened if your shots aren't accepted at first - just keep on shooting and continue submitting; in the world of photography, persistence pays.

Amateur photography competitions are another great way of getting your photography seen, and can win you fans, prizes and even commissions or customers. A good idea is to start small; your local photography club will probably hold various contests; also keep an eye out for other competitions that are within your field of expertise. There are hundreds to enter, and they tend to have set themes - covering everything from travel to sports, nature to nautical and portrait to planes.

The 'Million Places on Earth' competition, for example, is offering a top prize of one million dollars for unique location images from anywhere in the world. Other competitions include Embassy Suite Hotels 'Happiness in Motion' competition, which carries an all expenses paid trip to Hawaii as their top prize; while UKplus are also holding an online photography competition with a top prize of £1000 for photographs taken within the UK.

Whether it's for fun, glory, or perhaps a new career path, photography is an extremely rewarding hobby. And you never know - you might just see your picture on the cover of National Geographic one day!

Digital Photography Magazines

Are you stuck for what to buy your dad or the man in your life for Christmas or a birthday? In fact, what about your mom or your sister? Would they like to record things for posterity or start to create some of their very own modern art photography for their home? Do you know an avid amateur photographer or someone who wants to make their living from photography? Give them a gift of a digital photography magazine. You could really make them smile with this thoughtful gift.

"A Magazine isn't much of a Gift!"

Oh yes it is! I'm not talking of a one-off couple of dollars digital photography magazine here. Nowadays it is really easy to buy a subscription to any number of magazine options. All you need to do is check out one issue or the web site of the particular magazine that draws your interest. They will have a form (and sometimes a discount coupon) to sign up for a subscription; and you can gift that subscription to someone else quite easily. That's a gift that is sure to be appreciated.

What's on Offer?

Check out details of the particular magazine that you think is has appeal to a photography enthusiast. You will usually find that, depending on your budget, you can subscribe to several packages - usually three, six, twelve and twenty-four month subscriptions. You will also find typically find that there is a relevant free gift with the subscription and some of these are pretty valuable. A digital photography magazine subscription is easily paid for by credit card, and there are often even cheaper prices for payment by direct debit.

What's Inside?

This is what most people will want to know when they buy a subscription to a digital photography magazine for themselves or someone else. Is it worth the money?

Typically, these magazines have articles on photography techniques; they cover technicalities of the equipment which you need for digital photography, perhaps even comparing this equipment for different brands to help you with any future purchases. You will receive professional advice on all aspects of digital photography. Magazine formats vary, so it is worth spending some time perusing them before you decide to buy. This is most important because different photography magazines are pitched at different markets and levels of experience.

Once you've made up your mind on the digital photography magazine subscription that you would like and you've paid for it, the rest is automatic. The magazines will be delivered regularly to your chosen address, usually before the magazine hits the store shelves each month.

Figure Photography

Photography can be considered as one of the sciences that has developed a lot in the past few decades. Figure photography is one of the types of photography that are becoming really popular these days. Science and technology has developed a lot in the recent past and as a result you find that technological advancements have made a lot of sciences really complicated. It is not always very easy to understand figure photography like many other branches of photography. You need to have a sense of understanding the science working behind successful figure photography and you need to be really good at what you do. Only then you can master the art of figure photography.

The world of fashion has also changed a lot in the recent past. With the internet as a household phenomenon today and with the ever innovative technology, every thing has changed. The world today is a small village where communication is very impressive and easy. As a result fashions of one part of the world affect the other parts of the world as well. In fact, this is one of the reasons that figure photography has flourished in almost all parts of the world. Figure photography is the kind of photography in which the photographers are focused on figures. There has been a strong trend of nude and semi nude figure photography's in the past. At present you find fashion photography to be too close to the figure photography. The art and romanticism of the field is to be understood. It is not only the photography of semi nude people; it is the art which is important. You can only understand the technicalities of the figure photography only by understanding the themes of the task.

Photography has changed a lot in the recent past. In fact a few decades back there were very limited choices in cameras and the work of art was totally dependent on chances and the ability of the person who is working as a photographer to judge the angle of light and other factors while shooting. If the photographer failed at what he was doing, no one was able to save the photographs. Thus this branch of physics has improved a lot. Now you find it to be a reliable and very expensively researched branch of science.

Wedding Photography Latest Equipment

It is important that Wedding Photographers in Toronto come to offer services with the latest photography equipment. A wedding photography company is measured by many factors, factors that include great service and support, before the wedding, during the wedding celebration and after the wedding. Then there are great prices and packages offered by the wedding photography company. The packages that are offered determine the way that you will choose a wedding photography company however, another very important factor to consider is the type of equipment that a wedding photography firm in Toronto uses.

Using the latest technology and equipment epitomizes the status symbol of a wedding photography company. The reason that is distinguishes it from many other companies that they are competing with in Toronto is because with so many photography firms shooting wedding in Toronto, it is a big opportunity to maximize off, the attitude that many firms have it to jump in quickly and hustle bride and grooms to be by luring them at wedding shows, the internet and by handing out flyers on vehicles in banquet hall parking lots. However, choosing to have the latest in photography camera equipment and the latest in software technology to edit the wedding photos separates a Toronto wedding photography firm from a pack of companies that simply feel that all that is required is a camera and the ability to take a picture.

Don't get us wrong, there is a lot that is required in taking a proper photo, things like the proper angles of a profile, proper lighting and many other factors that go into taking proper wedding photos. However, those things are all learned through photography experience; however, the one thing that differentiates one photography firm from the pack is knowing and understanding that the latest in photography equipment plays a vital role. Then there are companies willing to invest in the latest technology and/or equipment, seeing a company willing to purchase the newest photography camera is an indication that they understand what it takes to do a great job and is something that should be investigated by a bride and groom to be in search of a wedding photography company in Toronto.

So in conclusion, choosing a company is a wise choice because, with so much to choose from, and with competition so fierce in the Toronto Ontario Wedding Photography industry, doing your research on which wedding photography offers the best price, gives you the best services possible throughout your wedding day celebration and seeing which company uses the best and greatest technology the shoot wedding pics for their clients. So whenever you have the fortunate task of being lucky enough to begin the search for a wedding photographers firm in Toronto for your wedding, consider the option of asking a wedding photography firm of the equipment they use and see if it is the latest and greatest available. It is a decision that you will look back on and be happy with.

The Online Photography Training

Many photographers often wonder how to stay abreast on the latest photography techniques and trends. Photography is always evolving and changing as technology advances and new cameras, lenses, software, and other equipment are created. Savvy photographers should look to the internet to find the tools they need. Online photography training can be a great way for photographers to stay current on the latest equipment and techniques. There are a variety of sites designed to keep the latest news on photography just a click away. Proud Photography is one of the best online photography training resources available. Proud Photography teaches photographers the latest tricks and tips through a strong set of online courses, a forum for collaboration and resource sharing, and dependable online support to answer any of your photography questions.

Proud Photography is one of the best online photography training schools because of the variety of resources available to photographers of all skill levels. The online courses feature an array of topics including a basic Photography Course, Wedding Photography Course, an HDR mini-course, and the newest course on Studio Portrait Lighting. Skilled photographers will be interested in Studio Portrait Lighting where you can learn beyond the basics of indoor portraiture lighting and advance your skills to the professional level. If you are just learning the basics of digital photography, you should consider the Proud Photography course on Photoshop. Here you will learn the essential skills on enhancing digital images and how to give images a professional finish through Photoshop.

Like other online photography training courses, Proud Photography is continually updated. This ensures photographers have access to timely information on skills and equipment. A printed book could take months or years to publish, and the information could be outdated before it even goes to press. Photography training online allows for quick publication and continuous updates. Proud Photography has an active online community through the forum. Here photographers gather to share their photos and photography tips with each other. Proud Photography is more than an online training course. It provides the latest information you need to succeed in the quickly changing photography world and the online support you want in the forum and live customer support.